Cameroon

CameroonCameroon has approximately 19 million hectares of forest, just below 40% of the total land area. The average deforestation rate has risen in recent decades from 0.9% between 1990 and 2000 to 1.1% between 2010 and 2015. There is increasing international and national pressure on forests from mineral extraction, biofuel crops, infrastructure development and agricultural expansion. 

 

Drivers of deforestation and degradation

Cameroon’s Emission Reductions Program Idea Note (ER-PIN) outlines a number of planned and unplanned deforestation drivers, agents and underlying causes of deforestation in the Emission Reductions (ER) Program area.

Planned deforestation drivers include:

  • Government agricultural programmes
  • Agro-industry expansion of crops including palm oil and rubber
  • Infrastructure developments including railways connecting mining areas to deep sea ports, hydroelectric dams and related electricity networks
  • Legal mining and logging operations

Unplanned deforestation drivers include:

  • Small-scale subsistence and cash crop agriculture such as cocoa
  • Informal logging and mining operations

 

REDD+ actors and activities

The REDD+ process in Cameroon is led by the Ministry of Environment, Protection of Nature and Sustainable Development (MINEPDED). A Steering Committee was established in 2012 as the principle REDD+ decision-making body. The Ministry of Forest and Wildlife (MINFOF) is also involved in REDD+ initiatives as the agency managing the country’s forests.

Cameroon is currently in the first preparatory phase of REDD+ activities known as REDD+ readiness. The FCPF granted Cameroon USD 3.6 million in funding in 2013 to undertake REDD+ readiness activities. Cameroon plans to implement an ER Program from 2018 to 2028 located in three administrative regions in the country’s south.

The ER Program seeks to:

  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions through an integrated landscape approach
  • Enable natural resource conservation and management around protected areas within the program area
  • Reduce agricultural emissions while enhancing long-term livelihood, security and well-being
  • Build capacity and support technology transfer
     

Cameroon is a Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) Country Participant and a UN-REDD Programme Partner Country. It is also involved in the Central African Forest Initiative (CAFI).

 

EU REDD Facility actions in Cameroon


In Cameroon, the EU REDD Facility is working with government and civil society stakeholders to support the implementation of the land use planning law at local (municipal) level. The Platform aims to increase transparency and information sharing in land-use planning and land allocation processes. Support by the EU REDD Facility focuses on the development of tools to support inclusive land use planning at local level (the Common Mapping Platform and the Land Use Planner), and on the development of a methodology for PLADDTs (municipal level land use and sustainable development plans).

For more information on this work, see the links below:

 

  

Building a mapping alliance for inclusive and transparent land-use planning


 

Status of FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA)

Cameroon has signed a VPA with the EU. The VPA entered into force in December 2011 and Cameroon and the EU are now overseeing implementation of the Agreement.
Cameroon is developing the systems needed to control, verify and license legal timber.
For more information, see the Cameroon page on the EU FLEGT Facility's website.

More information

Related links

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility: Cameroon

UN-REDD: Cameroon

Ministère des Forêts et de la Faune: MINFOF

Central African Forest Initiative: Cameroon