Democratic Republic of the Congo
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has the second largest area of forest of any country. Deforestation rates are low and stable overall, but very high in some areas.
Forest area (2010): 1,541,350 km2; 68% of the total land area
Rate of change in forest area (1990-2000): -0.20%
Rate of change in forest area (2000-2005): -0.20%
Rate of change in forest area (2005-2010): -0.20%
Drivers of deforestation and degradation
The main drivers of deforestation and forest degradation are:
- Farming and firewood use around urban areas
- Commercial logging
- Illegal logging
REDD+ actors and activities
The Democratic Republic of the Congo has established several bodies to work on REDD+.
- The National REDD Committee, which is a multistakeholder decision-making body
- An Interministerial Committee, which implements the National REDD Committee's decisions
- The National REDD Coordination (CN-REDD), which coordinates daily activities and is part of the Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Tourism
- Provincial REDD+ focal points
The REDD+ process is supported by UN-REDD, the Congo Basin Forest Fund and the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility and Forest Investment Program.
The national REDD+ process has passed several milestones. The Democratic Republic of the Congo adopted its National REDD+ Framework Strategy in 2012, and has created a REDD+ National Fund as well as National REDD+ Standards. It is transitioning from the readiness phase to the investment phase, demonstrated by pilot initiatives such as the 12.3 million hectare Mai Ndombe REDD+ program.
Status of FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA)
In 2010, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the EU began negotiations towards a VPA to improve forest governance and ensure that only legal timber and timber products reach the EU market.
For more information, see the Democratic Republic of the Congo page on the EU FLEGT Facility's website.