Democratic Republic of the Congo


Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has the second largest area of forest of any country. Deforestation rates are low and stable overall, but very high in some areas.

Forest statistics

Forest area (2010): 1,541,350 km2; 68% of the total land area
Rate of change in forest area (1990-2000): -0.20%
Rate of change in forest area (2000-2005): -0.20%
Rate of change in forest area (2005-2010): -0.20%

Source: FAO Forest Resources Assessment 2010

Drivers of deforestation and degradation

The main drivers of deforestation and forest degradation are:

- Farming and firewood use around urban areas

- Commercial logging

- Mining

- Illegal logging

REDD+ actors and activities

The Democratic Republic of the Congo has established several bodies to work on REDD+.

- The National REDD Committee, which is a multistakeholder decision-making body

- An Interministerial Committee, which implements the National REDD Committee's decisions

- The National REDD Coordination (CN-REDD), which coordinates daily activities and is part of the Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Tourism

- Provincial REDD+ focal points

The REDD+ process is supported by UN-REDD, the Congo Basin Forest Fund and the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility and Forest Investment Program.

The national REDD+ process has passed several milestones. The Democratic Republic of the Congo adopted its National REDD+ Framework Strategy in 2012, and has created a REDD+ National Fund as well as National REDD+ Standards. It is transitioning from the readiness phase to the investment phase, demonstrated by pilot initiatives such as the 12.3 million hectare Mai Ndombe REDD+ program.


EU REDD Facility actions in DRC

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the EU REDD Facility focuses on strengthening national and provincial institutions and capacities, providing forest concession holders with incentives for legal compliance and securing community access to land through innovative cooperative approaches. The Facility also supports exchanges between Brazil and the DRC on forest governance and REDD+ through a partnership with the Sustainable Amazon Foundation. For more information about our work, see the links below:



Linking REDD+ and FLEGT at provincial level in DRC


Fostering South-south cooperation with Brazil in DRC

Combining independent monitoring of forest governance and REDD+ in DRC

Supporting a local cooperative to secure long-term REDD+ investment in DRC

Creating incentives for logging companies to engage in REDD+ in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Status of FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA)

In 2010, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the EU began negotiations towards a VPA to improve forest governance and ensure that only legal timber and timber products reach the EU market.

For more information, see the Democratic Republic of the Congo page on the EU FLEGT Facility's website.