Ecuador is the second country to have received financial resources from the Green Climate Fund (GCF), having successfully reduced greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation. The country registered a 48.6% reduction in its deforestation rate during the last two decades. However, deforestation is still a concern. For its size, Ecuador has the highest annual deforestation rate of any country in the Western Hemisphere.
Deforestation and land use changes are one of the main sources of greenhouse gas emissions in Ecuador. The main driver of deforestation is agricultural expansion for pasture and crop cultivation.
PROAmazonia, Ecuador’s main national REDD+ investment programme, is an initiative by the Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Agriculture and UNDP, and funded by the GCF and Global Environmental Fund (GEF). The programme supports Ecuador’s ambition to cut emissions from land use, land-use change, and forestry by 20% by 2025.
In 2019, the Ministries of Agriculture and Environment, together with the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil, launched a jurisdictional approach for palm oil certification, with ongoing pilots in the Amazonia. Ecuador’s Ministries of Agriculture, Environment and the Ministry of Production and External Trade also launched a “Premium & Sustainable” campaign, aimed at developing sustainable, fair and deforestation-free agriculture.
Mountain rainforest, Provincia Province, Ecuador by Frédéric Baron, EU REDD Facility
EU REDD Facility work in Ecuador
The EU REDD Facility engages in Ecuador upon request and in collaboration with PROAmazonia and the Ministries of Environment and Agriculture, to support the development of a transparent traceability system to monitor and track sustainable zero-deforestation cocoa.