About 40% of the land area of Honduras is covered by forests (approximately 4.5 million hectares), just 10% of which is primary forest. The country has experienced a high rate of deforestation over the past two decades. For the period 2010-15, the annual rate of deforestation was 2.4%.
Drivers of deforestation and degradation
The drivers of deforestation and forest degradation are:
- Illegal logging
- Poor forest management practices
- Agricultural expansion
- Urban growth
- Infrastructure development
- Forest fires
To address these drivers, Honduras plans to:
- Develop incentives to promote sustainable land use
- Clarify land tenure, including traditional rights of indigenous peoples
- Address illegal logging
- Adopt sustainable forest management
REDD+ actors and activities
The main institutions in the forest sector of Honduras are:
- The Secretariat for Energy, Natural Resources, Environment and Mines, which is responsible for policies related to natural resources and emissions reductions
- The National Forest Institute, which is responsible for implementing forest policy
In 2010, Honduras created a National Climate Change Directorate, the Inter-Agency Committee on Climate Change and the REDD+ Subcommittee.
The REDD+ Subcommittee promotes dialogue about REDD+ and ensures multistakeholder participation in the development of the national REDD+ strategy. It is supported by the REDD+ Executive Secretariat.
Representatives of indigenous and Afro-Honduran communities formed a platform, the Indigenous and Afro-Honduran Committee on Climate Change (MIACC), in 2012 to coordinate their activities on climate change, including REDD+.
Honduras is a beneficiary of the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility and Forest Investment Program, and is a partner country of UN-REDD.
Status of FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA)
In 2012, Honduras and the EU began negotiations towards a VPA to improve forest governance and ensure that only legal timber and timber products reach the EU market.
For more information, see the Honduras page on the EU FLEGT Facility's website.