Measuring, monitoring, reporting and verification

Central to any REDD+ programme are its mechanisms for measuring, monitoring, reporting and verification. Much of this will relate to forest cover and condition, but it will also include the effectiveness of activities and potentially the distribution of monetary and non-monetary incentives to stakeholders.

The institutional and technical capacity developed for REDD+ to monitor deforestation and forest degradation could be useful for FLEGT if it provides information on forest management, forest cover and illegal activities.

REDD+ may also help build a greater national capacity and a culture of effective monitoring and verification in the forest sector.

FLEGT legality assurance systems also include a range of requirements for monitoring, reporting and verification, ranging from on-the-ground monitoring of forest management to ensure laws are met, to independent third-party monitoring of the whole system. These may be useful for REDD+:

  • Directly, in providing information that REDD+ measuring, monitoring, reporting and verification can use
  • Indirectly, in providing models that REDD+ can also use

Example: The Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo has started to develop its system for REDD+ measuring, monitoring, reporting and verification. Its timber legality assurance system is at an early stage. Opportunities for synergies between the two monitoring systems are likely to appear progressively as their design and implementation proceed.

For example, the system for REDD+ measuring, monitoring, reporting and verification offers opportunities in the context of the timber legality assurance system to:

  • Refine the analysis and description of logging processes in the field
  • Improve the understanding of issues at stake
  • Inform the design of control strategies to be put in place

A local independent forest monitoring organisation, Observatoire de la Gouvernance Forestière (OGF), may draw on the knowledge accumulated through the OI FLEG project by Resource Extraction Monitoring to build capacity within the Democratic Republic of the Congo to independently monitor the REDD+ and FLEGT processes.