Effective multistakeholder processes
Multistakeholder participatory processes are fundamental to good land-use governance. They are a prerequisite for the credibility and successful implementation of REDD+ or a FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA).
The processes established for consultation in the context of VPAs have proved to be effective, predictable, accessible and reasonably transparent. In general, stakeholders have understood how their input will be used.
The processes for developing national REDD+ programmes also require input from a broad range of stakeholders at both a national and sub-national level to ensure wide stakeholder ownership, and that REDD+ responds to real needs. Where VPA dialogues already exist, they can potentially provide a basis for developing consultation platforms for REDD+ programmes.
Example: The Republic of the Congo
In the Republic of the Congo, the VPA negotiations created space for civil society and indigenous people's organisations, as well as private sector organisations, to contribute and have their voices heard.
From the start, the principle of participation has also been embedded in the Congolese REDD+ process. Civil society and indigenous people's organisations created a platform, the Cadre de Concertation REDD+ (CACO-REDD+). This built on the experiences of the Plateforme de Gestion Durable de Forêts, created to follow the negotiation and implementation of the VPA.
The REDD+ platform allows its members to coordinate and be more effective when participating in policy debates and in the formal consultation structures such as the Comité National REDD+ or CONA REDD+, which are expected to be in place soon.