Cameroon has some 19 million hectares of dense tropical forest, just below 40% of the total land area. The average deforestation rate has been on the rise, including the loss of between 40 000 to 80 000 hectares of primary forest annually between 2015 and 2018. There is increasing international and national pressure on forests from commercial and subsistence agricultural expansion, mineral extraction, biofuel crops and infrastructure development.
Cameroon is a Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) Country Participant and a UN-REDD Programme Partner Country. It is also involved in the Central African Forest Initiative (CAFI).
Drivers of deforestation and degradation
Planned deforestation drivers include:
- Government agricultural programmes
- Agro-industry expansion of crops including palm oil and rubber
- Infrastructure developments including railways connecting mining areas to deep sea ports, hydroelectric dams and related electricity networks
- Legal mining and logging operations
Unplanned deforestation drivers include:
- Small-scale subsistence and cash crop agriculture such as cocoa
- Informal logging and mining operations
Cameroon has some 19 million hectares of dense tropical forest by EU REDD Facility
EU REDD Facility work in Cameroon
In Cameroon, the EU REDD Facility is working with Government and civil society stakeholders to support the implementation of the land-use planning law at local (municipal) level. The aim is to increase transparency and information sharing in land-use planning and land allocation processes. Support by the EU REDD Facility focuses on developing tools for inclusive land-use planning at local level (the Common Mapping Platform and the Land-use Planner), and on a methodology for municipal land-use and sustainable development plans. The methodology has been adopted by the Ministry of Planning, Economy and Regional Development to support municipalities facing land conflicts and increasing pressure on natural resources.
Cameroon's FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA)
Cameroon has signed a VPA with the EU. The VPA entered into force in December 2011 and Cameroon and the EU are now overseeing the implementation of the Agreement.
Cameroon is developing the systems needed to control, verify and license legal timber.
For more information, see the Cameroon page on the EU FLEGT Facility's website.
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility: Cameroon
Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife: MINFOF
Central African Forest Initiative: Cameroon